Competitiveness and productivity: master keys to development and innovation in the Andean fruitculture

The project develops technologies for adaptation to climate change and increasing the quality of avocado, passiflora, citrus fruits, and their derivatives, which are being disseminated and transferred in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

Context of the story

Many family farmers depend on the fruit sector, which is of great importance in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. The fruits must have long shelf life, be free of harmful contaminants and be produced in environmentally friendly conditions to compete in the market. Increasing the quality and the supply of fruits implies overcoming phytosanitary, research, technical assistance, infrastructure, price volatility, and access to credit challenges, among other issues. How to develop and validate innovations that allow the sustainable intensification of fruitculture to respond to these challenges and in the midst of climate change?

Three conditions for competitiveness: educated and informed fruit grower, research and quality.

The implemented initiative

The moderation in the use of agrochemicals, the integrated management of soil fertility, better water management, carbon sequestration, the addition of value to fruits and their residues on circular economy approach, are topics in which the project “Andean Fruit Productivity and Competitiveness” is contributing to the sustainable growth of fruitculture in the region.

Agricultural, processing, storage and packaging environmentally-friendly technologies.

The technological solution

The Hass avocado (HA) and granadilla (G) seedlings and plants provided optimal fruit under fertigation, with early fruiting and higher productivity compared to control crops. Also for AH and G, 2 consortia of microorganisms increased the absorption of nutrients in vigorous and healthy plants. The adjustment of periods of lack of pesticides in HA reduced rejections in commercialization. Three promising passion fruit materials were validated. In postharvest, shelf lives of fresh fruit were determined and that of avocado was prolonged with modified atmospheres. The shelf life of frozen HA pulp was measured. In transformation, after market analysis, numerous products derived from fruit or their residues were designed, some of them with scaling studies, production costs and environmental impact, and others reached the market. In addition, circular economy schemes such as fruit waste biorefineries were proposed. The abovementioned has been transferred to actors of the fruit chains, and divulged to academics and society.

“For me the most important thing about fertigation is to be able to cut costs. In addition, I get better fruit.”
Don Wilmar, avocado producer.

Participating countries

Type of project

Results

4 fertigation technologies that have allowed reaching 15 tons / ha-year in granadilla (G) (mean Ecuador, 10), 16.8 in Hass avocado (HA) (vs. 8.5 fert.-edaphic). 2 soil-plant-water climate databases. 3 sustainable agr.prectices, 6 studies of shelf life, 2 of processed fruit; 2 shelf life lengthening methods for G and HA and 3 new passion fruit materials. 1 study of fresh / processed fruit markets. Lab prototypes, 19 foods, 3 cosmetics and 4 materials. Piloted prototypes, 3; products in the market, 3. 2 carbon footprint of HA / gulupa, with software design for its calculation. 3 biorefineries were evaluated, 24 articles were written (19 published and 5 submitted), 22 papers, 9 posters, 9 book chapters, 24 theses and 1 book. Events: 2 fairs, 3 symposia, 20 conferences, 3 webinars, field days 22, 1 diplomat for 3660 participants (1587 women). Virtual prdts: 65 ecards and infographics, 47 videos and 1 webstory, with 57150 views

Validated fertigation technologies
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Validated fertigation technologies
Participants in dissemination events
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Participants in dissemination events
Value added formulations
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Value added formulations
Articles, presentations, theses and technical papers
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Articles, presentations, theses and technical papers
Students and technologists linked to the project
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Students and technologists linked to the project
Videos, ecards and infographics
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Videos, ecards and infographics
New passion fruit materials
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New passion fruit materials
Increase in productivity of avocado due to fertigation
+-Tn/ha
Increase in productivity of avocado due to fertigation

A contribution to the circular economy of fruit chains

Andean fruit productivity and competitiveness project at a glance

Andean fruit productivity and competitiveness project at a glance

Participating Organizations

AKIS  - España
Frutierrez Latinamerican Perishables Inc. (FLP) - Colombia
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP) - Ecuador
SENA - Colombia
Universidad Nacional de Colombia	 (UNAL) - Colombia
Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura (IICA) - Ecuador
Frutierrez Latinamerican Perishables Inc. (FLP) - Perú
Frutierrez Latinamerican Perishables Inc. (FLP) - Ecuador
AKIS  - España
Frutierrez Latinamerican Perishables Inc. (FLP) - Colombia
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP) - Ecuador
SENA - Colombia
Universidad Nacional de Colombia	 (UNAL) - Colombia
Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura (IICA) - Ecuador
Frutierrez Latinamerican Perishables Inc. (FLP) - Perú

Main donors

FONTAGRO
FONTAGRO
© FONTAGRO
E-mail: fontagro@fontagro.org