Colombia and Ecuador conduct research in nanotechnology for sustainable agricultural production.
The manufacture of nanofertilizers and their application to crops improves soil health, crop quality and reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
Context of the story
Agriculture is one of the sectors that generates the highest pollutant emissions globally as a consequence of the indiscriminate application of fertilizers, increasing greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, fertilizer formulations combined with nanofertilizers are proposed to improve crop yields, reduce production costs, improve nutrient use efficiency, reduce soil and water pollution and mitigate greenhouse gases produced by agriculture.
Support to agricultural producers with new technologies and production methodologies.
The implemented initiative
The project seeks to:
1. To fractionate and evaluate nanofertilizers.
2. Determine the potential toxicity of the nanofertilizers at laboratory scale and evaluate the effect of the addition of nanofertilizers on nutrient use efficiency and soil characteristics.
3. Determine the effect of nanofertilizers on biomass production, crop spectral response, and evaluation of nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide emissions.
Quantify the use of nanofertilizers in fertilization efficiency.
The technological solution
- Synthesize and characterize nanofertilizers of titanium dioxide, zinc oxide and zeolite to evaluate their effect on fertilization and nutrient use.
- Create a tool to support nano-fertilizer formulation based on soil and crop data.
- Identify the most efficient nanofertilizer formulations and doses, in order to propose a production and commercialization scheme for nanofertilizers, with technical support, training and socialization of the technologies.
- Promote the use of ecotoxicological tests to ensure that nanofertilizers are environmentally friendly.
- Encourage the use of aerial vehicles to estimate the nutritional quality of the crop.
- Reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The application of nanofertilizers will improve the quality of life of agricultural producers, boosting climate-smart agriculture.
- Obtain sizes and shapes of nanofertilizers.
- Establish a ranking of potential environmental hazard using ecotoxicological tests.
- Increase biomass production, crop nutritional quality and efficiency with the addition of nanofertilizers.
- Quantify the effect of nanofertilizers on soil physical, chemical and biological characteristics.
- Publication of scientific articles.
- Evaluation of nitrous oxide and edaphic carbon dioxide emissions in experiments with and without application of nanofertilizers.
- Creation of a software tool to support the formulation of nanofertilizers based on soil and crop data.
- Implementation of a remote sensing model to estimate soil and crop nutritional conditions.