Sustainable control of the HLB vector insect in family citrus farming

Scaling up integrated pest management focusing on the HLB vector in family citrus growing in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Bolivia

Context of the story

Huanglongbing (HLB) is the most important disease in citrus farming worldwide, no cure so far. Prevention is based on use of healthy material, monitoring of culture and vector insect (Diaphorina citri) control and elimination of ill plants (rooting).
Citrus production is characterized by small family owned units, in which pests and diseases monitoring is not common. Control prevails through routine applications of non-selective agrochemicals that cause risks and damage to the environment, the beneficial entomofauna and general population. Since 2012, the disease has been registered in Argentina and in 2013 in Paraguay. The vector insect is present in all four countries.

Scale up integrated pest management with focus on the HLB vector in family citrus farming

The implemented initiative

Since 2019, it has been proposed to adapt and disseminate IPM technology in HLB vector control in FA, through a collective innovation management approach based on demonstration lots, training and communication, enhance social awareness, sustainability and fruit quality monitoring, economic analysis among lots. Funded by FONTAGRO, INTA / Fundación ArgenINTA (Argentina), INIA (Uruguay), UNI / FundUNI (Paraguay), Municipal Autonomous Government of Bermejo (Bolivia) take active part in the project. SENASA and FEDERCITRUS (Argentina) and UPEFRUY (Uruguay) act as Associated Organizations in project implementation. Team: 102 researchers, extension agents and communicators.

HLB citrus vector control in integrated pest management (IPM) context

The technological solution

Local adaptation of integrated pest management (IPM) technology in demonstration lots (LD) located in FA units- chosen in a participatory way with local actors - with focus on controlling the HLB (Diaphorina citri) vector, through monitoring practices, use of safe products that preserve the natural balance and use of natural enemies (Tamarixia radiata, crispidae). Monitoring allows activating an alert system hosted in a free access web portal, (smartphone friendly) developed for FA and other actors. Training: certified IPM monitors; producer families, professionals and operators. Social awareness enhancement through dissertation in communities. Robust Communication strategy. Impact monitoring of the implementation of the IPM in lots: sustainability (AMBITEC-AGRO), effects on fruit quality (MEF, others) and economic-financial analysis. Collective innovation management is promoted as an approach to IPM scale up.

Virtual course "Monitoring of HLB, its vector and other citrus pests and diseases" from the INTA PROCADIS platform.
Given the advance of HLB we must join forces. Let's continue sharing knowledge with other countries

Participating countries

Type of project

Results

17 demonstration lots (DL) with integrated pest and disease management (IPM) strategies ; 17 conventional lots (LC) in family establishments.
- 640 monitoring of pests and diseases carried out in DL and CL.
- 3 agreed protocols: Selection of DL in FA; pest monitoring; field notebook.
- 2 Biological control in Fontagro lots: Release of Tamarixia radiata at Bella Vista, Corrientes, Argentina and Salto, Uruguay.
- 1000 trained in vector identification, disease symptoms and other pests and diseases.
- 1 Virtual course for monitors (98 certificates).
-1 Early Alert system through smartphones linked to the BioTic INTA - Fontagro HLB portal.
- HLB field guide and insect vector for family citrus growers (in edition).


Relevant data

Achievements achieved

Demonstration lots  of IPM
-
Demonstration lots of IPM
Monitoring activities held regarding pests and diseases control
-
Monitoring activities held regarding pests and diseases control
Releases of Tamarixia radiata (natural enemy) in Argentina and Uruguay
-
Releases of Tamarixia radiata (natural enemy) in Argentina and Uruguay
Virtual course for 200 monitors  (starts in August 2021
-
Virtual course for 200 monitors (starts in August 2021
Population decline of the HLB vector insect, Diaphorina citri
-%
Population decline of the HLB vector insect, Diaphorina citri
Increase in natural enemies (beneficial)
-%
Increase in natural enemies (beneficial)
HLB and vector field guide for citrus growers
-
HLB and vector field guide for citrus growers
Trained in vector and HLB
-
Trained in vector and HLB

Participating Organizations

Federación Argentina del Citrus (FEDERCITRUS) - Argentina
Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA) - Uruguay
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Argentina
Gobierno Autónomo Municipal de Bermejo (GAM Bermejo) - Bolivia
Universidad Nacional de Itapúa (UNI Paraguay) - Paraguay
Unión de Productores y Exportadores Frutihortícolas del Uruguay (UPEFRUY) - Uruguay
Servicio Nacional de Sanidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria (SENASA) - Argentina
Fundación ArgenINTA (ARGENINTA) - Argentina
Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA) - Uruguay
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Argentina
Gobierno Autónomo Municipal de Bermejo (GAM Bermejo) - Bolivia
Universidad Nacional de Itapúa (UNI Paraguay) - Paraguay

Main donors

FONTAGRO
FONTAGRO
© FONTAGRO
E-mail: fontagro@fontagro.org